It is mandatory for the athletes to report all current medical treatments to the jury and the event doctor before the competition. The event doctor has the right to restrict an athlete’s participation if treatment that is being received by the athlete is deemed to be dangerous to the athlete when they perform.
The athletes must appear before the jury at a designated place at least 60 minutes before their OT. International Association for the Development of Apnea
The athlete or his/her coach may use electronic devices to monitor the athlete’s external situation but he/she is not allowed to use any device that monitors the internal state of his/her organism (e.g. heart rate monitor, oximeter, etc.).
All blackouts detected by the judges will result in disqualification of the athlete for the discipline or further penalty by decision of the jury. The jury may ask the event doctor’s opinion before deciding on potential further penalty (e.g. expulsion for part or the whole of the competition).
Each of the following symptoms will disqualify the performance for «Black-Out»:
• Cardiac arrest
• Respiratory arrest
• Loss of consciousness (blackout)
• Post-blackout mechanical movements
• Conscious, but with the inability to maintain the airway out of the water.
The athlete cannot be helped or touched by anyone and cannot touch anyone during his/her performance unless he/she is in trouble. If this is the case, he/she will be disqualified. The athlete can be touched by the coach/partner/safety diver for repositioning and safety checks during static (5.2.3 and 5.2.8).
The athlete must, when he/she resurfaces, respect the Surface Protocol completely.
After resurfacing the athlete has 15.0 seconds to perform the Surface Protocol (SP). The SP has to be performed without any cues from the jury or the officials. The SP starts when the athlete begins to remove their facial equipment with their hand(s) from their face. In the case of the athlete not using facial equipment, the SP starts when the athlete gives the OK-sign to the judge.
1) remove ALL facial equipment (mask, goggles and nose clip).
2) give 1 visible OK-sign to the judge.
3) give 1 verbal OK to the judge by saying "I'm OK" or "I am OK"
All the above items must be done IN THIS SPECIFIC ORDER within the time window of 15.0 seconds upon resurfacing. Before starting the SP and after completing the SP the athlete has the liberty to make multiple verbal/visible signals. However, as soon as the SP has started all other/extra signals will lead to disqualification (noted as “failing SP”). The SP is considered as completed when the athlete has given the verbal OK. Note: in all competitions/events under auspices of AIDA International this has to be done in English.
Upon surfacing, the athlete's nose and mouth must remain out of the water. The athlete is not allowed to touch anyone nor is anyone allowed to touch the athlete until the main judge has announced that the performance is considered as being finished by providing his or her judgement with a coloured card at a
minimum of 30 seconds after the surfacing.
At the end of each performance the jury informs the athlete of their decision regarding the validity of their performance. This information is definitive and only concerns the "visible" part of the performance; this is mainly for depth disciplines. The jury will use coloured cards to communicate this decision. This direct judgement will take place a minimum of 30 seconds after surfacing. The meaning of the coloured cards is:
• WHITE -> The performance is OK
• YELLOW -> The performance is OK, but with penalties
• RED -> Disqualification
In the case of a performance being judged with a yellow or red card, the athlete has the right to be informed of the reason(s) for this judgement. This can be done directly after the decision if this will not disturb the continuation of the competition. Alternatively, this information will be presented at the posting of the results prior to protests.
Each performance is converted into points according to the following scale:
• Static Apnea: 1 second of immersion = 0.2 points,
• Depth Apnea: 1 meter in depth = 1.0 points,
• Dynamic Apnea: 1 meter in distance = 0.5 points.
The following countdown is conducted in English by the speaker, and where possible for World Championships, by an automated system: 2'00, 1'30, 1'00, 30", 20", 10", 5", 4", 3", 2", 1", official top, 1", 2", 3", 4", 5", 6", 7", 8", 9", 10", 20”, 25”, 26”, 27”, 28”, 29”, 30”, start cancelled.
Dynamic with or without fins (DYN/DNF)
The freediver is free to choose his wetsuit, weights and facial equipment.
The athlete is allowed to use arm strokes in both disciplines. Any other means of propulsion (other than fins or monofin in DYN) or special paddles or swimming gloves/socks are forbidden.
The athlete must be in the water before immersion. Diving or jumping starts or any other form of running starts from a support point is prohibited. The attempt is considered to be finished when the nose and/or mouth emerge.
A partner (captain/coach) is authorized to monitor and supervise the athlete's warm-up and performance. He/she may assist the athlete in the 2 official zones. From OT the partner may verbally coach the athlete but is no longer authorized to touch the athlete. If the partner touches the athlete before he/she is released
from the performance by the judges the athlete will be disqualified.
The athlete should remain completely submerged, except the tip of fin(s) during the complete performance, except in the 5 meters zone before and after each turn where any part of the body can emerge, except the mouth and/or nose.
The Realized Performance (RP) is determined by the exit of the nose and/or mouth (except when the athlete ascends against the end wall of the pool, the athlete must touch the end wall below the waterline before his/her mouth and nose exit from the water). In order to calculate the athlete’s performance all measurements are rounded down to the nearest meter.
172,9m = 172m, registered performance 172 x 0.5 = 86 points
The start must be done in the water, with the athlete’s airway immersed within 1.5m of the wall; otherwise the athlete will be disqualified.
During the athlete's start (movement) the athlete must touch the wall with a part of the body, if not a penalty is applied.
A part of the body must touch the wall at each turn, if the athlete fails to do so a penalty is applied. If the athlete turns short of the wall by more than a meter without touching the wall, the athlete will be disqualified.
Three zones are marked off: a warm-up zone, a transition zone and a performance zone. The athlete may not access the warm-up zone until 45 minutes prior to his/her OT. Athletes may not access the transition zone until such time as the preceding athlete has left the area.
A partner (captain/coach) is authorized to monitor and supervise the athlete's warm-up and performance. He/she is permitted to assist in the 3 official zones. This partner can also, if the athlete wants, work as an official extra safety freediver and touch the athlete freely throughout the performance until his/her nose or mouth emerges. The coach may also manage any safety signals. This partner has the responsibility over the athlete he/she is coaching, but the MAIN safety over the event will still be the responsibility of the organizer. However, as soon as the performance has ended (when the nose and/or mouth have emerged), the partner is no longer authorized to touch the athlete. He/she is only permitted to orally coach the athlete at a low voice. If not, the athlete will be disqualified.
Following the countdown as described in point 3.2.14: if the athlete starts after the 10.0 second authorized window, a penalty is applied. The maximum time to start after OT is 30 seconds, after that the athlete is disqualified. If the athlete starts before the OT, a penalty is applied. Only one start is allowed within the given time window of 30 seconds.
The warm-up period starts 45 minutes before the start of the first official attempt(s).
The athletes have the right to only one official attempt. Once the nose and mouth are immersed, the attempt is considered as having been started.
An organization freediver or a partner (captain/coach) is present in the water (competition zone) during the complete performance. This person is responsible for verifying the state of consciousness of the competitor as follows: He/she touches the athlete unequivocally. The athlete responds by using a gesture agreed upon
in advance with the safety diver or partner. The following procedure will be used:
If it is an organization safety freediver:
• every 30 seconds starting 1 minute before reaching the announced performance (AP),
• every 15 seconds starting at AP.
OR if the athlete has a partner:
• whenever he/she wants.
If the athlete does not respond by using the chosen gesture, the judge will immediately request a repeated signal from the athlete. If an incorrect response persists, or there is none, the judge will ask the safety diver or partner to remove the athlete from the water. The judge can request the safety freediver (or partner) to ask for an additional signal from the athlete if it is beyond a reasonable doubt that the athlete is in need of assistance.
An AIDA International judge and a timekeeper of the organization will time the attempt. They will start their stopwatches upon immersion, when the nose and mouth are below the water or when the snorkel is released if preparation is performed with a snorkel. They will stop their stopwatches once the nose and/or mouth of the athlete are out of the water.